Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Mechanistic Investigation on the Formation of 2-Halo-3-aryl-4(3H)-quinazoliniminium Halides from Heteroenyne-allenes: A Computational Study.

Authors
  • Filby, Pamela S
  • Rayat, Sundeep
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Organic Chemistry
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
May 01, 2015
Volume
80
Issue
9
Pages
4299–4305
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/jo502664s
PMID: 25867171
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Intramolecular cyclization of the heteroenyne-allene, 2-((phenylimino)methyleneamino)-benzonitrile (1) in the presence of HCl to produce 2-chloro-3-phenyl-4(3H)-quinazoliniminium chloride (Qz) involves the formation of two new bonds: a C-Cl bond and a C-N bond. We propose five pathways for this reaction. Four of these pathways involve chloride capture to form the C-Cl bond prior to the intramolecular nucleophilic attack to form the C-N bond, while one pathway involves ring closure to form the C-N bond prior to C-Cl bond formation. All calculations were carried out at B3LYP and MP2 levels of theory and employed the 6-311G* basis set. The solvent effects were considered using a Polarized Continuum Model with dichloromethane as the solvent. The calculations at both levels show that the mechanism involves initial protonation of 1, preferentially at Nα to give 2 which rapidly captures the chloride ion to form 5. This intermediate is protonated at the -CN group to form 8ROT, which then tautomerizes to its more stable isomer 9ROT. The latter undergoes intramolecular nucleophilic attack from Nβ to the protonated -CN group to form the cyclized intermediate 12, which tautomerizes to its most stable isomer 13. The coordination of Cl(-) ion present in the solution with 13 gives the final product Qz.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times