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Mechanisms for Induction of L-Selectin Loss from T Lymphocytes by a Cryptococcal Polysaccharide, Glucuronoxylomannan

Authors
  • Zhao Ming Dong
  • Lydgia Jackson
  • Juneann W. Murphy
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1999
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
License
Unknown

Abstract

Disseminated cryptococcosis is accompanied by cryptococcal polysaccharides in the serum and the lack of cellular infiltrates in infected tissues. Cryptococcal polysaccharides given intravenously to mice inhibit the influx of T lymphocytes into the sites of cell-mediated immune response. The focus here was to determine whether cryptococcal polysaccharides modulate the expression of molecules, such as L-selectin, that are important in extravasation of T cells. Cryptococcal glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), but not galactoxylomannan or mannoprotein, was found to cause loss of L-selectin from freshly isolated human T cells of both CD4 and CD8 subsets and from Jurkat cells. With the signaling-pathway inhibitors staurosporine (which inhibits protein kinase C) and herbimycin A (which inhibits protein tyrosine kinases), we showed that GXM or the cryptococcal culture filtrate antigen CneF directly induces L-selectin loss from CD4+ and CD8+ T cells via a herbimycin A-sensitive pathway(s) presumably involving one or more protein tyrosine kinases but not via a pathway involving protein kinase C. Loss of L-selectin from the T cells before the T cells have a chance to bind to L-selectin ligands on endothelial cells would be expected to prevent T-cell migration into inflamed tissues and/or lymph organs.

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