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Mechanism by which the IFN-β enhanceosome activates transcription

Authors
  • Junming Yie
  • Kate Senger
  • Dimitris Thanos
Publisher
The National Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Nov 09, 1999
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
License
Unknown

Abstract

We demonstrate that in contrast to previous findings by using simple synthetic promoters or activators, the natural IFN-β enhanceosome activates transcription by causing a dramatic increase of the rate by which preinitiation complexes assemble at the promoter. This effect totally depends on the recruitment of the CBP-PolII holoenzyme by the enhanceosome, because its depletion from the extract decelerates the rate of transcription. However, addition of the CBP-PolII holoenzyme back to these extracts fully restores the speed by which the enhanceosome activates transcription. Strikingly, preincubation of the enhanceosome with the CBP-RNA PolII holoenzyme complex results in instant assembly of preinitiation complexes. In contrast, individual IFN-β gene activators function solely by increasing the number of functional preinitiation complexes and not the rate of their assembly. Thus, fast recruitment of the CBP-RNA PolII holoenzyme complex is critical for the rapid activation of IFN-β gene expression by virus infection.

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