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Measuring Patient-Reported Outcomes: Key Metrics in Reconstructive Surgery

Authors
  • Voineskos, Sophocles H.
  • Nelson, Jonas A.
  • Klassen, Anne F.
  • Pusic, Andrea L.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annual Review of Medicine
Publisher
Annual Reviews
Publication Date
Jan 29, 2018
Volume
69
Pages
467–479
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1146/annurev-med-060116-022831
Source
Annual Reviews
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Satisfaction and improved quality of life are among the most important outcomes for patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery for a variety of diseases and conditions. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are essential tools for evaluating the benefits of newly developed surgical techniques. Modern PROMs are being developed with new psychometric approaches, such as Rasch Measurement Theory, and their measurement properties (validity, reliability, responsiveness) are rigorously tested. These advances have resulted in the availability of PROMs that provide clinically meaningful data and effectively measure functional as well as psychosocial outcomes. This article guides the reader through the steps of creating a PROM and highlights the potential research and clinical uses of such instruments. Limitations of PROMs and anticipated future directions in this field are discussed.

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