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Measures of functional outcomes, work productivity, and quality of life from a randomized, phase 3 study of solriamfetol in participants with narcolepsy

  • Emsellem, Helene
  • Thorpy, Michael
  • Lammers, Gert Jan
  • Shapiro, Colin
  • Mayer, Geert
  • Plazzi, Giuseppe
  • Chen, Dan
  • Carter, Lawrence
  • Villa, Kathleen
  • Lee, Lawrence
  • Menno, Diane
  • Black, Jed
  • Dauvilliers, Yves
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2020
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OBJECTIVE:Solriamfetol (formerly JZP-110), a dopamine/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, is approved in the US to improve wakefulness in adults with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with narcolepsy (75-150 mg/d) or obstructive sleep apnea (37.5-150 mg/d). In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in participants with narcolepsy, effects of solriamfetol on functional status, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and work productivity were evaluated.METHODS:Participants with narcolepsy (N = 239) were randomized to solriamfetol 75, 150, or 300 mg, or placebo for 12 weeks. Outcome measures included the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire short version (FOSQ-10), 36-Item Short Form Health Survey version 2 (SF-36v2), and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire for Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP). A mixed-effects model with repeated measures was used for comparisons vs placebo.RESULTS:At week 12, solriamfetol increased FOSQ-10 total score, with greatest mean difference from placebo (95% CI) at 300 mg (1.45 [0.31, 2.59]). On SF-36v2, improvements vs placebo were observed in physical component summary scores (300 mg: 2.22 [0.04, 4.41]) and subscales of role physical, general health, and vitality. On WPAI:SHP, solriamfetol 150 mg reduced overall work impairment vs placebo (-15.5 [-29.52, -1.47]), and 150 and 300 mg reduced activity impairment vs placebo (-10.05 [-19.48, -0.62] and -13.49 [-23.19, -3.78], respectively). Most treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were mild or moderate in severity. Common TEAEs were headache, nausea, decreased appetite, nasopharyngitis, dry mouth, and anxiety.CONCLUSIONS:Solriamfetol improved measures of functional status, HRQoL, and work productivity, particularly at the 150- and 300-mg doses. Most TEAEs were mild to moderate.

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