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Measurements of steady flow through a bileaflet mechanical heart valve using stereoscopic PIV.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2011
Volume
49
Issue
3
Pages
325–335
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11517-010-0705-z
PMID: 21080093
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Computational modeling of bileaflet mechanical heart valve (BiMHV) flow requires experimentally validated datasets and improved knowledge of BiMHV fluid mechanics. In this study, flow was studied downstream of a model BiMHV in an axisymmetric aortic sinus using stereoscopic particle image velocimetry. The inlet flow was steady and the Reynolds number based on the aortic diameter was 7600. Results showed the out-of-plane velocity was of similar magnitude as the transverse velocity. Although additional studies are needed for confirmation, analysis of the out-of-plane velocity showed the possible presence of a four-cell streamwise vortex structure in the mean velocity field. Spatial data for all six Reynolds stress components were obtained. Reynolds normal stress profiles revealed similarities between the central jet and free jets. These findings are important to BiMHV flow modeling, though clinical relevance is limited due to the idealized conditions chosen. To this end, the dataset is publicly available for CFD validation purposes.

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