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Measurement of tissue viability using intravital microscopy and fluorescent nuclear dyes.

Authors
  • Potter, R F
  • Peters, G
  • Carson, M
  • Forbes, T
  • Ellis, C G
  • Harris, K A
  • DeRose, G
  • Jamieson, W G
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of surgical research
Publication Date
Nov 01, 1995
Volume
59
Issue
5
Pages
521–526
Identifiers
PMID: 7474997
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Intravital microscopy used with fluorescent vital stains provides the opportunity to measure the temporal and spatial extent of tissue injury following disease processes. However, this assumes that prolonged exposure to such dyes does not alter microvascular perfusion or cellular viability. To test this hypothesis, the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle in 24 male Wistar rats, anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (Somnotal, 65 mg/kg, ip), were prepared for microscopy. The EDL was either bathed continuously (n = 6) in Krebs solution containing bisbenzimide (5 micrograms/ml; labels nuclei of all cells) and ethidium bromide (5 micrograms/ml; labels nuclei of injured cells) or had dyes topically applied 1 hr (n = 4) and 4 hr (n = 4) following dissection of the muscle. Noxious stimuli (i.e., hypoxia:FiO2 of 8-10% (n = 3), 95% ethanol (n = 3), and 2 hr ischemia followed by 90 min reperfusion (n = 4) were used to test the ability of ethidium bromide, when used in conjunction with intravital microscopy, to differentiate injured tissue. Video recordings at the surface of the EDL muscle were made every 30 min for 5 hr from which the number of perfused capillaries was counted (NCper). The numbers of bisbenzimide- and ethidium bromide-labeled nuclei were counted at the surface of the muscle and at two to three additional locations within the muscle (to a maximum depth of approximately 120-160 microns). The average NCper (19.05 +/- 1.7) remained constant over 5 hr, while the number of nuclei stained by bisbenzimide increased linearly with time from an initial value of 1218 +/- 125.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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