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Measurement of the $\Lambda$ hyperon lifetime

Authors
  • Acharya, Shreyasi
  • Adamova, Dagmar
  • Adler, Alexander
  • Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca
  • Agnello, Michelangelo
  • Agrawal, Neelima
  • Ahammed, Zubayer
  • Ahmad, Shakeel
  • Ahn, Sang Un
  • Ahuja, Ishaan
  • Akindinov, Alexander
  • Al-Turany, Mohammad
  • Aleksandrov, Dmitry
  • Alessandro, Bruno
  • Alfanda, Haidar Mas'Ud
  • Alfaro Molina, Jose Ruben
  • Ali, Bushra
  • Alici, Andrea
  • Alizadehvandchali, Negin
  • Alkin, Anton
  • And 1019 more
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2023
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.108.032009
OAI: oai:HAL:hal-04230821v1
Source
Hal-Diderot
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

A new, more precise measurement of the $\Lambda$ hyperon lifetime is performed using a large data sample of Pb$-$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV with ALICE. The $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$ hyperons are reconstructed at midrapidity using their two-body weak decay channel $\Lambda \rightarrow \mathrm{p} + \pi^{-}$ and $\overline{\Lambda} \rightarrow \overline{\mathrm{p}} + \pi^{+}$. The measured value of the $\Lambda$ lifetime is $\tau_{\Lambda} = [261.07 \pm 0.37 \ ( \rm stat.) \pm 0.72 \ (\rm syst.) ]\ \rm ps$. The relative difference between the lifetime of $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$, which represents an important test of CPT invariance in the strangeness sector, is also measured. The obtained value $(\tau_{\Lambda}-\tau_{\overline{\Lambda}})/\tau_{\Lambda} = 0.0013 \pm 0.0028 \ (\mathrm{stat.}) \pm 0.0021 \ (\mathrm{syst.})$ is consistent with zero within the uncertainties. Both measurements of the $\Lambda$ hyperon lifetime and of the relative difference between $\tau_{\Lambda}$ and $\tau_{\overline{\Lambda}}$ are in agreement with the corresponding world averages of the Particle Data Group and about a factor of three more precise.

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