Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Measurement of glyoxalase activities.

Authors
  • Arai, Makoto
  • Nihonmatsu-Kikuchi, Naomi
  • Itokawa, Masanari
  • Rabbani, Naila
  • Thornalley, Paul J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical Society Transactions
Publisher
Portland Press
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2014
Volume
42
Issue
2
Pages
491–494
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1042/BST20140010
PMID: 24646266
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Glyoxalase I catalyses the isomerization of the hemithioacetal formed non-enzymatically from methylglyoxal and glutathione to S-D-lactoylglutathione. The activity of glyoxalase I is conventionally measured spectrophotometrically by following the increase in A240 for which the change in molar absorption coefficient Δε240=2.86 mM⁻¹·cm⁻¹. The hemithioacetal is pre-formed in situ by incubation of methylglyoxal and glutathione in 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer (pH 6.6) at 37°C for 10 min. The cell extract is then added, the A240 is monitored over 5 min, and the initial rate of increase in A240 and hence glyoxalase I activity deduced with correction for blank. Glyoxalase I activity is given in units per mg of protein or cell number where one unit is the amount of enzyme that catalyses the formation of 1 μmol of S-D-lactoylglutathione per min under assay conditions. Glyoxalase II catalyses the hydrolysis of S-D-lactoylglutathione to D-lactate and glutathione. Glyoxalase II activity is also measured spectrophotometrically by following the decrease in A240 for which the change in molar absorption coefficient Δε240=-3.10 mM⁻¹·cm⁻¹. It is given in units per mg of protein or cell number where one unit is the amount of enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of 1 μmol of S-D-lactoylglutathione per min under assay conditions. Glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II activity measurements have been modified for use with a UV-transparent microplate for higher sample throughput.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times