Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

MD-PhD Program Graduates' Engagement in Research: Results of a National Study.

Authors
  • Andriole, Dorothy A1
  • Grbic, Douglas2
  • Yellin, Jodi3
  • McKinney, Ross4
  • 1 D.A. Andriole is senior director, Medical Education Research, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.
  • 2 D. Grbic is lead research analyst, Medical Education Research, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.
  • 3 J. Yellin is director, Science Policy, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.
  • 4 R. McKinney is chief scientific officer, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC; ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1918-954X.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2021
Volume
96
Issue
4
Pages
540–548
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003516
PMID: 32433313
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To determine if specialty, among other professional development and demographic variables, predicted MD-PhD program graduates' research engagement. The authors merged the 2015 Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) National MD-PhD Program Outcomes Survey database with selected data from the AAMC Student Records System, Graduation Questionnaire, and Graduate Medical Education (GME) Track Resident Survey. At the person level, they tested variables of interest for independent associations with MD-PhD graduates' research engagement using chi-square, Pearson correlations, and analysis of variance tests and logistic and linear regressions. Of 3,297 MD-PhD graduates from 1991-2010 who were no longer in GME training in 2015, 78.0% (2,572/3,297) reported research engagement. In models controlling for several variables, a neurology (vs internal medicine; adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 2.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.60-3.86) or pathology (vs internal medicine; AOR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.33-2.68) specialty, full-time faculty/research scientist career intention at graduation (vs all other career intentions; AOR: 3.04; 95% CI: 2.16-4.28), and ≥ 1 year of GME research (vs no GME research year[s]; AOR: 2.45; 95% CI: 1.96-3.06) predicted a greater likelihood of research engagement. Among graduates engaged in research, the mean percentage of research time was 49.9% (standard deviation 30.1%). Participation in ≥ 1 year of GME research (beta [β] coefficient: 7.99, P < .001) predicted a higher percentage of research time, whereas a radiation oncology (β: -28.70), diagnostic radiology (β: -32.92), or surgery (β: -29.61) specialty, among others, predicted a lower percentage of research time (each P < .001 vs internal medicine). Most MD-PhD graduates were engaged in research, but the extent of their engagement varied substantially among specialties. Across specialties, participation in research during GME may be one factor that sustains MD-PhD graduates' subsequent early- to midcareer research engagement. Copyright © 2020 by the Association of American Medical Colleges.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times