Affordable Access

Maternally inherited X chromosome is not inactivated in mouse blastocysts due to parental imprinting.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chromosome research : an international journal on the molecular, supramolecular and evolutionary aspects of chromosome biology
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
2
Pages
101–109
Identifiers
PMID: 10780698
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Mouse embryos having an additional maternally inherited X chromosome (X(M)) invariably die before midgestation with the deficient extraembryonic ectoderm of the polar trophectoderm lineage, whereas postnatal mice having an additional paternally inherited X chromosome (X(P)) survive beyond parturition. A cytogenetic study led us to hypothesize that abnormal development of such embryos disomic for X(M) (DsX(M)) is attributable to two doses of active X(M) chromosome in extraembryonic tissues. To test the validity of this hypothesis, we examined the initial X chromosome inactivation pattern in embryos at the blastocyst stage by means of replication banding method as well as RNA FISH detecting Xist transcripts. X(P) was the only asynchronously replicating X chromosome, if any, in X(M)X(M)X(P) blastocysts, and no such allocyclic X chromosome was ever detected in X(M)X(M)Y blastocysts. In agreement with these findings, only one Xist paint signal was detected in 79% of X(M)X(M)X(P) cells, whereas no such signal was found in X(M)X(M)Y embryos. Thus, the present study supports the hypothesis that two X chromosomes remaining active in the extraembryonic cell lineages due to the maternal imprinting explain the underdevelopment of extraembryonic structures and hence early postimplantation death of DsX(M) embryos.

Statistics

Seen <100 times