Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Maternal profile according to Mediterranean diet adherence and small for gestational age and preterm newborn outcomes.

Authors
  • Peraita-Costa, Isabel1, 2
  • Llopis-González, Agustín1, 2
  • Perales-Marín, Alfredo3
  • Diago, Vicente3
  • Soriano, Jose Miguel4, 5
  • Llopis-Morales, Agustín1
  • Morales-Suárez-Varela, María1, 2
  • 1 Unit of Public Health and Environmental Care, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia46100, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 CIBER in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid28029, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 Department of Obstetrics, La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Valencia46026, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 4 Food & Health Lab, University of Valencia, Paterna, Valencia46980, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 5 Joint Research Unit on Endocrinology, Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Area of Infection, Inflammation and Chronicity, University of Valencia-Health Research Institute La Fe, Valencia, Valencia46026, Spain. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Public Health Nutrition
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2021
Volume
24
Issue
6
Pages
1372–1384
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019004993
PMID: 32345384
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate maternal Mediterranean diet (MD) pattern adherence during pregnancy and its association with small for gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth. A secondary objective of the current study was to describe the sociodemographic, lifestyle and obstetric profile of the mothers studied as well as the most relevant paternal and newborn characteristics. The current study is a two-phase retrospective population-based study of maternal dietary habits during pregnancy and their effect on newborn size and prematurity. The descriptive first phase examined maternal dietary habits during pregnancy along with the maternal sociodemographic, lifestyle and obstetric profile in a cross-sectional period study. In the second phase, newborn outcomes were evaluated in a nested case-control study. Adherence to MD during pregnancy was measured with the Spanish version of Kidmed index. Obstetrics ward of the La Fe Hospital in Valencia. All mother-child pairs admitted after delivery during a 12-month period starting from January 2018 were assessed for eligibility. A total of 1118 provided complete outcome data after signing informed consent. 14·5 % met the criteria of poor adherence (PA); 34·8 %, medium adherence (MA); and 50·7 %, optimal adherence (OA). Medium adherence to MD was associated in the adjusted scenarios with a higher risk of giving birth to a preterm newborn. No association was found between MD adherence and SGA. Early intervention programmes geared towards pregnant women, where women were aided in reaching OA to MD, might reduce the risk of preterm newborn.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times