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Maternal Parenting Behavior and Child Behavior Problems in Families of Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Authors
  • Maljaars, Jarymke1, 2
  • Boonen, Hannah1, 2
  • Lambrechts, Greet1, 2
  • Van Leeuwen, Karla1
  • Noens, Ilse1, 2
  • 1 University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Parenting and Special Education Research Unit, Leopold Vanderkelenstraat 32, Leuven, 3000, Belgium , Leuven (Belgium)
  • 2 Leuven Autism Research (LAuRes), Leuven, Belgium , Leuven (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jul 24, 2013
Volume
44
Issue
3
Pages
501–512
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-013-1894-8
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) face specific challenges in parenting, but concrete parenting behavior has never been properly investigated in these families. This exploratory questionnaire study compared parenting behaviors among mothers of children and adolescents with ASD (n = 552) and without ASD (n = 437) and examined associations between child behavior problems and parenting behavior. Results showed that mothers of children with ASD reported significantly lower scores on Rules and Discipline and higher scores on Positive Parenting, Stimulating the Development, and Adapting the Environment. Age was differently related to parenting behavior in the ASD versus control group. Furthermore, distinctive correlation patterns between parenting behavior and externalizing or internalizing behavior problems were found for both groups.

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