Dirhenium adducts of purine dinucleotides were identified by mass spectrometry. In consecutive studies, Re(2)(O(2)C(2)H(3))(2)Cl(4) . 2H(2)O was reacted with 2'-deoxyguanylyl(3'-->5')-2'-deoxyguanosine (dGpG) and 2'-deoxyadenylyl(3'-->5')-2'-deoxyguanosine (dApG) in H(2)O or D(2)O. These reactions were monitored to identify novel dinuclear rhenium:dinucleotide complexes as confirmed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS), electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry (CID MS/MS) experiments. However, the most abundant adducts detected by ES-MS were dirhenium:nucleotide species. Of these, guanine-containing ions were observed with highest ion counts suggesting a preference for guanine coordination. Dimetal adducts showed coordination of the purine bases and common metalated fragments were observed for both dGpG and dApG reactions.