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Maritime Trade and Economic Development: A Granger Causality and Bound Test Approach.

Authors
  • Osadume, Richard1
  • Blessing, Uzoma, C.1
  • 1 Dept. Marine Economics & Finance, Nigeria , (Nigeria)
Type
Published Article
Journal
LOGI – Scientific Journal on Transport and Logistics
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2020
Volume
11
Issue
2
Pages
23–32
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/logi-2020-0012
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

This paper investigates Maritime trade and economic development: A granger causality and Bound test approach. Most scholars believe that maritime trade openness will transform economy into a developed nation while some disagree. The main objective of this research is to examine the relationship between maritime trade and economic development; specifically, to ascertain whether maritime trade granger-causes economic development; and to determine whether there is a co-integration between maritime trade and economic development. The study used secondary data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria and the United Nations development Programme, and tested the effect of independent variables on a dependent variable. The variables were tested using Stationarity, heteroskedasticity, Ramsey reset, granger-causality and ARDL Bounds test at the 5% level of significance. The findings revealed that maritime trade proxy by trade openness had a significant effect on economic development captured by HDI and the ARDL Bound test showed a significant effect of trade openness on economic development. The study concludes that maritime trade granger-causes economic development with a Bi-directional causal relationship and significant co-integration exists between them; and recommends among others the provision of conducive environment and cheap funding by the government to encourage the growth of maritime trade.

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