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[Ocular disease in sleep apnea syndrome].

Authors
  • Nieto Enríquez, José1
  • Torres Blanch, Jesús
  • Badal Lafulla, Josep
  • 1 Kresge Eye Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, Estados Unidos. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medicina clinica
Publication Date
Oct 24, 2009
Volume
133
Issue
15
Pages
594–598
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.medcli.2009.02.048
PMID: 19473675
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Sleep apnea syndrome is characterised by recurrent episodes of partial or complete upper airway flow interruption during sleep. In the last twenty years, the relationship of sleep apnea with cardiovascular disease has been recognised. More recently, several ocular disorders have been associated with sleep apnea syndrome, including floppy eyelid syndrome, glaucoma, non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy and papilledema. Based on the published evidence, we discuss these associations along with the possible pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical management. It is needed that the ophthalmologist, the primary care physician and the sleep physician are aware of this association so that both sleep disorders and the related ophthalmologic disorders can be better diagnosed and treated.

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