Few series of splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) have been reported, but today asymptomatic SAA are detected with increasing frequency. Their importance lies from their potentially fatal consequences as life-threatening hemorrhage. SAA management still remains controversial as reported in this review. Our 2 patients treated with resection of the aneurysms, both located in the middle third of the splenic artery. Some authors demonstrated that when splenic artery has been ligated (or embolized) and the patients remain anatomically splenic, they may not retain any splenic function. Laparoscopic SAA ligation repair appears to be optimal and useful for aneurysms protruding from the pancreas and it is gaining interest because clinical recovery is rapid with a poor morbidity and economic and cosmetic advantages. Transcatheter embolization too offers a temporary control in urgency to stop hemorrhage and go back at later date to make much better elective operation. Endovascular interventions as percutaneous embolization has recently gained popularity: it offers a safe alternative or adjunctive therapy to traditional surgery. We hope in the future instrumentation will likely improve so that this procedure can be done percutaneously by development of prosthetic devices in the 21th century.