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Management of pediatric mandible fractures.

Authors
  • Goth, Stephen
  • Sawatari, Yoh
  • Peleg, Michael
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of craniofacial surgery
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
Volume
23
Issue
1
Pages
47–56
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e318240c8ab
PMID: 22337373
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The pediatric mandible fracture is a rare occurrence when compared with the number of mandible fractures that occur within the adult population. Although the clinician who manages facial fractures may never encounter a pediatric mandible fracture, it is a unique injury that warrants a comprehensive discussion. Because of the unique anatomy, dentition, and growth of the pediatric patient, the management of a pediatric mandible fracture requires true diligence with a variance in treatment ranging from soft diet to open reduction and internal fixation. In addition to the variability in treatment, any trauma to the face of a child requires additional management factors including child abuse issues and long-term sequelae involving skeletal growth, which may affect facial symmetry and occlusion. The following is a review of the incidence, relevant anatomy, clinical and radiographic examination, and treatment modalities for specific fracture types of the pediatric mandible based on the clinical experience at the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery program. In addition, a review of the literature regarding the management of the pediatric mandible fracture was performed to offer a more comprehensive overview of this unique subset of facial fractures.

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