Affordable Access

Making it without losing it: Type A, achievement motivation, and scientific attainment revisited.

Authors
  • Helmreich, R L1
  • Spence, J T
  • Pred, R S
  • 1 University of Texas at Austin.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Personality & social psychology bulletin
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1988
Volume
14
Issue
3
Pages
495–504
Identifiers
PMID: 11537087
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

In a study by Matthews, Helmreich, Beane, and Lucker (1980), responses by academic psychologists to the Jenkins Activity Survey for Health Prediction (JAS), a measure of the Type A construct, were found to be significantly, positively correlated with two measures of attainment, citations by others to published work and number of publications. In the present study, JAS responses from the Matthews et al. sample were subjected to a factor analysis with oblique rotation and two new subscales were developed on the basis of this analysis. The first, Achievement Strivings (AS) was found to be significantly correlated with both the publication and citation measures. The second scale, Impatience and Irritability (I/I), was uncorrelated with the achievement criteria. Data from other samples indicate that I/I is related to a number of health symptoms. The results suggest that the current formulation of the Type A construct may contain two components, one associated with positive achievement and the other with poor health.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times