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Majorana Fermions in Honeycomb Lattices

Authors
  • Dutreix, C.
  • Guigou, M.
  • Chevallier, D.
  • Bena, C.
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
Feb 07, 2014
Submission Date
Sep 04, 2013
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2014-50243-9
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

We study the formation of Majorana fermions in honeycomb-lattice structures in the presence of a Zeeman field, Rashba spin-orbit coupling, and in the proximity of an s-wave superconductor. We show that an exact mapping exists between an anisotropic hexagonal-lattice nanoribbon at k = 0 and a one-dimensional chain, for which the existence of Majorana fermions has been extensively discussed. Consequently we can predict the conditions for the emergence of Majorana fermions at the edges of such ribbon, and relate the existence of Majoranas to a band inversion in the bulk band structure. Moreover we find that similar situations arise in isotropic lattices and we give some examples which show the formation of Majorana fermions in these structures.

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