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Magnetotactic bacteria: nanodrivers of the future.

Authors
  • Mathuriya, Abhilasha Singh1
  • 1 a Department of Biotechnology , Anand Engineering College , Keetham, Agra , India. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Critical reviews in biotechnology
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2016
Volume
36
Issue
5
Pages
788–802
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3109/07388551.2015.1046810
PMID: 26268307
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) represent a heterogeneous group of Gram-negative aquatic prokaryotes with a broad range of morphological types, including vibrioid, coccoid, rod and spirillum. MTBs possess the virtuosity to passively align and actively swim along the magnetic field. Magnetosomes are the trademark nano-ranged intracellular structures of MTB, which comprise magnetic iron-bearing inorganic crystals enveloped by an organic membrane, and are dedicated organelles for their magnetotactic lifestyle. Magnetosomes endue high and even dispersion in aqueous solutions compared with artificial magnetites, claiming them as paragon nanomaterials. MTB and magnetosomes offer high technological potential in modern science, technology and medicines. This review focuses on the applicability of MTB and magnetosomes in various areas of modern benefits.

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