Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Lysenko in Yugoslavia, 1945-1950s: How to De-Stalinize Stalinist Science.

Authors
  • Duančić, Vedran1
  • 1 Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, 5 Ante Kovačića, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia. [email protected] , (Croatia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the history of biology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2020
Volume
53
Issue
1
Pages
159–194
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10739-020-09598-2
PMID: 32180094
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

By the summer of 1948, socialist Yugoslavia seemed determined to follow in the footsteps of its closest ally, the Soviet Union, and strike a decisive blow to "reactionary genetics." But barely a month before the infamous VASKhNIL session, the Soviet-Yugoslav split began to unravel, influencing the reception of Lysenko's doctrine in Yugoslavia. Instead of simply dismissing it as yet another example of Stalinist deviationism, Yugoslav mičurinci carefully weighed its political and ideological implications, trying to negotiate the Stalinist origins of Michurinist biology with political and ideological reconfigurations in post-Stalinist Yugoslavia. The essay examines the strategies employed by supporters and opponents of Lysenko's doctrine, as well as those sympathetic to it but yet unconvinced of its scientific validity and political appropriateness. It emphasizes globally unique attempts to de-Stalinize Michurinist biology and use it in the political-ideological struggle against the Stalinist Soviet Union, pointing to local agency and the bottom-up nature of attempts both in support of and against the doctrine.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times