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Lyme Disease Misinterpreted as Child Abuse

Authors
  • Pan, Tommy
  • Nasreddine, Adam
  • Trivellas, Myra
  • Hennrikus, William L.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Case Reports in Orthopedics
Publisher
Hindawi Limited
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2021
Volume
2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1155/2021/6665935
PMID: 33628554
PMCID: PMC7880705
Source
PubMed Central
Disciplines
  • Case Report
License
Unknown

Abstract

Child abuse is one of the most common causes for child fatality in the United States. Inaccurate reporting of child abuse combined with scarcity of resources for child abuse evaluations can lead to unintended consequences for children and their families. The differential diagnosis of child abuse is varied. To our knowledge, there are no reports in the literature on Lyme disease mimicking child abuse. The current study presents the case of a child from an endemic area for Lyme disease presenting with skin bruising, fracture, and swollen knee. The child was reported for child abuse by the pediatrician and then referred to the orthopaedic surgeon for fracture care.

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