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Low Physical Activity Level and Short Sleep Duration Are Associated with an Increased Cardio-Metabolic Risk Profile: A Longitudinal Study in 8-11 Year Old Danish Children

Authors
  • Hjorth, Mads F.
  • Chaput, Jean-Philippe
  • Damsgaard, Camilla T.
  • Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde
  • Andersen, Rikke
  • Astrup, Arne
  • Michaelsen, Kim F.
  • Tetens, Inge
  • Ritz, Christian
  • Sjodin, Anders
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Source
Online Research Database In Technology
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Background: As cardio-metabolic risk tracks from childhood to adulthood, a better understanding of the relationship between movement behaviors (physical activity, sedentary behavior and sleep) and cardio-metabolic risk in childhood may aid in preventing metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adulthood. Objective: To examine independent and combined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between movement behaviors and the MetS score in 8-11 year old Danish children. Design: Physical activity, sedentary time and sleep duration (seven days and eight nights) were assessed by accelerometer and fat mass index (fat mass/height(2)) was assessed using Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The MetS-score was based on z-scores of waist circumference, mean arterial blood pressure, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, triglycerides and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. All measurements were taken at three time points separated by 100 days. Average of the three measurements was used as habitual behavior in the cross-sectional analysis and changes from first to third measurement was used in the longitudinal analysis. Results: 723 children were included. In the cross-sectional analysis, physical activity was negatively associated with the MetS-score (P

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