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Low MRSA prevalence in horses at farm level

Authors
  • Van den Eede, Annelies1
  • Martens, Ann1
  • Feryn, Isabelle1
  • Vanderhaeghen, Wannes2
  • Lipinska, Urszula3
  • Gasthuys, Frank1
  • Butaye, Patrick2, 3
  • Haesebrouck, Freddy3
  • Hermans, Katleen3
  • 1 Ghent University, Department of Surgery and Anaesthesiology of Domestic Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Salisburylaan 133, Merelbeke, 9820, Belgium , Merelbeke (Belgium)
  • 2 CODA-CERVA-VAR, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre, Groeselenberg 99, Ukkel, 1180, Belgium , Ukkel (Belgium)
  • 3 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Salisburylaan 133, Merelbeke, 9820, Belgium , Merelbeke (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Veterinary Research
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Nov 07, 2012
Volume
8
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-8-213
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

BackgroundIn Europe, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398 has become an important pathogen in horses, circulating in equine clinics and causing both colonization and infection. Whether equine MRSA is bound to hospitals or can also circulate in the general horse population is currently unknown. This study, therefore, reports the nasal and perianal MRSA screening of 189 horses on 10 farms in a suspected high prevalence region (East- and West-Flanders, Belgium).ResultsOnly one horse (0.53%) from one farm (10%) tested positive in the nose. It carried a spa type t011-SCCmecV isolate, resistant to β-lactams and tetracycline, which is typical for livestock-associated MRSA CC398.ConclusionIn the region tested here, horses on horse farms seem unlikely to substantially contribute to the large animal associated ST398 MRSA reservoir present at intensive animal production units.

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