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Loss of Posterior Occluding Teeth and its Association with Protein-Micronutrients Intake and Muscle Mass Among Thai Elders: A Pilot Study

Authors
  • Treesattayakul, B.1
  • Winuprasith, T.2
  • Theeranuluk, B.3
  • Trachootham, Dunyaporn2
  • 1 Mahidol University, Master Program in Nutrition and Dietetics, Institute of Nutrition, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand , Nakhon Pathom (Thailand)
  • 2 Mahidol University, Institute of Nutrition, 999 Phutthamonthon Sai 4 Road, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, 73170, Thailand , Nakhon Pathom (Thailand)
  • 3 Phutthamonthon Hospital, Dental Department, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand , Nakhon Pathom (Thailand)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Frailty & Aging
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Feb 20, 2019
Volume
8
Issue
2
Pages
100–103
Identifiers
DOI: 10.14283/jfa.2019.2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Contact between upper and lower posterior teeth is crucial for chewing. However, the influence of posterior occluding teeth loss on protein intake and muscle mass was unclear. This cross-sectional study compared consumption frequency of protein food, amount of protein and relevant micronutrient intakes and muscle mass indices among older adults with different Eichner indices (EI) of posterior occluding teeth loss. Ninety Thai healthy adults were divided into three groups (N=30 each) according EI with statistically comparable characters. Food frequency questionnaire, 4-days diet record, and bioelectrical impedance analysis were used for outcome measurement. Our findings suggested that loss of posterior occluding teeth on both sides was associated with less frequent consumption of meat, nut, egg, fish and dairy products, inadequate intakes of protein (< 0.8 g/kg body weight), iron and vitamin B12, and reduced muscle mass indices in older adults. Future large-scale cohort studies are warranted to confirm these findings.

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