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Loss of histone macroH2A1 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells promotes paracrine-mediated chemoresistance and CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells activation

  • Lo Re, Oriana;
  • Mazza, Tommaso;
  • Giallongo, Sebastiano;
  • Sanna, Paola;
  • Rappa, Francesca;
  • Tu, Vinh Luong;
  • Li Volti, Giovanni;
  • Drovakova, Adela;
  • Roskams, Tania; 7204;
  • Van Haele, Matthias; 87988;
  • Tsochatzis, Emmanuel;
  • Vinciguerra, Manlio;
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
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Rationale: Loss of histone macroH2A1 induces appearance of cancer stem cells (CSCs)-like cells in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). How CSCs interact with the tumor microenvironment and the adaptive immune system is unclear. Methods: We screened aggressive human HCC for macroH2A1 and CD44 CSC marker expression. We also knocked down (KD) macroH2A1 in HCC cells, and performed integrated transcriptomic and secretomic analyses. Results: Human HCC showed low macroH2A1 and high CD44 expression compared to control tissues. MacroH2A1 KD CSC-like cells transferred paracrinally their chemoresistant properties to parental HCC cells. MacroH2A1 KD conditioned media transcriptionally reprogrammed parental HCC cells activated regulatory CD4+/CD25+/FoxP3+ T cells (Tregs). Conclusions: Loss of macroH2A1 in HCC cells drives cancer stem-cell propagation and evasion from immune surveillance. / status: published

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