Aspiration collections of adult Aedes aegypti (L.) were made weekly from inside and outside of houses for 3 yr in a rural Thai village (n = 9,637 females and n = 11,988 males) and for 2 yr in a residential section of San Juan, Puerto Rico (n = 5,941 females and n = 6,739 males). In Thailand, temperature and rainfall fell into distinct seasonal categories, but only temperature was correlated with fluctuations in female abundance. Average weekly temperature 6 wk before mosquitoes were collected and minimum weekly temperature during the week of collection provided the highest correlations with female abundance. Accounting for annual variation significantly improved Thai models of temperature and mosquito abundance. In Puerto Rico, temperature, but not rainfall, could be categorized into seasonal patterns. Neither was correlated with changes in female abundance. At both sites the vast majority of females were collected inside houses and most contained a blood meal. Most teneral females were collected outside. Wing length--an indicator of female size--and parity, egg development or engorgement status were not correlated, indicating that feeding success and survival were not influenced by female size. At both sites, females fed almost exclusively on human hosts (> or = 96%), a pattern that did not change seasonally. In Puerto Rico more nonhuman blood meals were detected in mosquitoes collected outside than inside houses; no such difference was detected in Thailand. Gut contents of dissected females indicated that females in the Thai population had a younger age distribution and fed more frequently on blood than did Ae. aegypti in Puerto Rico. Our results indicated that aspects of this species' biology can vary significantly from one location to another and 1 yr to the next.