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A longitudinal prospective study of bleeding diathesis in Egyptian pediatric patients: single-center experience.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
Publication Date
Volume
23
Issue
5
Pages
411–418
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1097/MBC.0b013e3283540bf8
PMID: 22610136
Source
Medline

Abstract

Keeping an updated registry of bleeding disorders is crucial for planning care and documenting prevalence. We aimed to assess the prevalence of various bleeding disorders including rare inherited coagulation and platelet disorders concerning their clinico-epidemiological, diagnostic data and bleeding manifestations severity. Patients suffering from manifestations of bleeding or coagulation disorders presented to Hematology Clinic during 16 years were included and prospectively followed up. Demographics, clinical characteristics, complete blood count, bleeding, prothrombin and activated partial thromboplastin times, platelet aggregation tests and bone marrow aspiration were recorded. Overall 687 patients with bleeding disorders from total 2949 patients were identified. Inherited coagulation defects were found in 27.2%; hemophilia A (70.6%), hemophilia B (13.9%), factor I deficiency (2.3%), factor V deficiency (1.6%), factor X deficiency (4.2%), factor VII deficiency (2.6%), factor XIII deficiency (1.1%), combined factor deficiency (2.1%) and unclassified coagulation disorders in 1.6% of studied patients. Overall 72.7% had diagnosed with platelet disorders; immune thrombocytopenia was the commonest (74.8%), and inherited conditions represent (25.2%) in the following order: Glanzman's thrombasthenia (11.2%), von Willebrand disease (6.6%), Bernard-Soulier syndrome (1%) and Chediak Higashi in 0.4% and unclassified in 6%. Median age of diagnosis of coagulation and platelet disorders were 33 and 72 months. Presenting symptoms of coagulation disorders were: 25.1% post circumcision bleeding, 22.5% ecchymosis, 20.9% hemoarthrosis and 15% epistaxis. Symptoms of rare coagulation disorders were postcircumcision bleeding (20%), bleeding umbilical stump (20%), epistaxis (12%), hemoarthrosis (8%) and hematomas (4%). Presenting symptoms in rare inherited platelet disorders were purpura, ecchymosis, epistaxis and bleeding gums, respectively. Analysis of the clinico-epidemiological data of patients with bleeding disorders is a useful tool for monitoring and improving their quality of care.

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