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Longitudinal photosynthetic gradient in crust lichens' thalli.

Authors
  • Wu, Li
  • Zhang, Gaoke
  • Lan, Shubin
  • Zhang, Delu
  • Hu, Chunxiang
Type
Published Article
Journal
Microbial Ecology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
May 01, 2014
Volume
67
Issue
4
Pages
888–896
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00248-014-0366-9
PMID: 24477924
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In order to evaluate the self-shading protection for inner photobionts, the photosynthetic activities of three crust lichens were detected using Microscope-Imaging-PAM. The false color images showed that longitudinal photosynthetic gradient was found in both the green algal lichen Placidium sp. and the cyanolichen Peltula sp. In longitudinal direction, all the four chlorophyll fluorescence parameters Fv/Fm, Yield, qP, and rETR gradually decreased with depth in the thalli of both of these two lichens. In Placidium sp., qN values decreased with depth, whereas an opposite trend was found in Peltula sp. However, no such photosynthetic heterogeneity was found in the thalli of Collema sp. in longitudinal direction. Microscope observation showed that photobiont cells are compactly arranged in Placidium sp. and Peltula sp. while loosely distributed in Collema sp. It was considered that the longitudinal photosynthetic heterogeneity was ascribed to the result of gradual decrease of incidence caused by the compact arrangement of photobiont cells in the thalli. The results indicate a good protection from the self-shading for the inner photobionts against high radiation in crust lichens.

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