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A longitudinal index study of orthodontic stability and relapse.

Authors
  • Olive, Richard J1
  • Basford, Kaye E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Australian orthodontic journal
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2003
Volume
19
Issue
2
Pages
47–55
Identifiers
PMID: 14703329
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Previous studies of stability and relapse after orthodontic treatment report short-term stability is generally followed by slow relapse to the original condition. What these studies do not report is whether this relapse is continuous or interspersed with periods of improvement or stability. A subjective 0-10 index of malocclusion was used to record post-treatment stability and relapse over 10 to 12 years following fixed appliance orthodontic treatment of 24 patients. The severity scores were plotted on timelines. Episodes of change, both favourable and unfavourable, were interspersed with episodes of stability. Changes in the first 3 and 12 months post-treatment are indicative of the 10 to 12 years post-treatment outcomes. This index may provide a useful instrument to analyze patients and/or their study models longitudinally.

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