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Longitudinal associations between parenting and youth adjustment in twelve cultural groups: Cultural normativeness of parenting as a moderator.

  • Lansford, Jennifer E1
  • Godwin, Jennifer1
  • Al-Hassan, Suha M2
  • Bacchini, Dario3
  • Bornstein, Marc H4
  • Chang, Lei5
  • Chen, Bin-Bin6
  • Deater-Deckard, Kirby7
  • Di Giunta, Laura8
  • Dodge, Kenneth A1
  • Malone, Patrick S1
  • Oburu, Paul9
  • Pastorelli, Concetta10
  • Skinner, Ann T1
  • Sorbring, Emma11
  • Steinberg, Laurence12
  • Tapanya, Sombat13
  • Alampay, Liane Peña14
  • Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria15
  • Zelli, Arnaldo16
  • 1 Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University.
  • 2 Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Hashemite University.
  • 3 Department of Psychology, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli".
  • 4 Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
  • 5 Department of Psychology, University of Macau.
  • 6 Department of Psychology, Fudan University.
  • 7 Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts.
  • 8 Department of Psychology, Universita` di Roma "La Sapienza".
  • 9 Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno University.
  • 10 Department of Psychology, Università di Roma "La Sapienza".
  • 11 Center for Child and Youth Studies, University West, Trollhättan.
  • 12 Department of Psychology, Temple University.
  • 13 Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai University.
  • 14 Department of Psychology, Ateneo de Manila University.
  • 15 Department of Psychology, Universidad San Buenaventura.
  • 16 Department of Psychology, University of Rome "Foro Italico".
Published Article
Developmental psychology
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2018
DOI: 10.1037/dev0000416
PMID: 29154638


To examine whether the cultural normativeness of parents' beliefs and behaviors moderates the links between those beliefs and behaviors and youths' adjustment, mothers, fathers, and children (N = 1,298 families) from 12 cultural groups in 9 countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States) were interviewed when children were, on average, 10 years old and again when children were 12 years old. Multilevel models examined 5 aspects of parenting (expectations regarding family obligations, monitoring, psychological control, behavioral control, warmth/affection) in relation to 5 aspects of youth adjustment (social competence, prosocial behavior, academic achievement, externalizing behavior, internalizing behavior). Interactions between family level and culture-level predictors were tested to examine whether cultural normativeness of parenting behaviors moderated the link between those behaviors and children's adjustment. More evidence was found for within- than between-culture differences in parenting predictors of youth adjustment. In 7 of the 8 instances in which cultural normativeness was found to moderate the link between parenting and youth adjustment, the link between a particular parenting behavior and youth adjustment was magnified in cultural contexts in which the parenting behavior was more normative. (PsycINFO Database Record

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