The author analyses distant results of the Polish vascular prostheses implantation to 227 patients with aorto-iliac occlusive disease. Eighty two (29.6%) patients died within 5 years following the operation. Therefore, an analysis of the distant results of therapy included 145 patients. An excellent result was achieved in 20.7% of the treated patients, satisfactory result in 53.9%, no improvement or worsening in 20.7% of cases. Statistically significant relationship between the degree of pre-operative ischemia and outcome of surgery has been noted. Considering blood hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and tobacco smoking prior to and after surgery as risk factors, no statistically significant relationship between the distant result of the treatment and the number of risk factor in a single patient has been observed.