BackgroundProstate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in males. Recent studies have reported aberrant expression of lncRNAs in prostate cancer. This study explores the role of LINC00261 in prostate cancer progression.MethodsThe differentially expressed genes, transcription factors, and lncRNAs related to prostate cancer were predicted by bioinformatics analysis. Prostate cancer tissue samples and cell lines were collected for the determination of the expression of LINC00261 by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The binding capacity of LINC00261 to the transcription factor GATA6 was detected by RIP, and GATA6 binding to the DKK3 promoter region was assessed by ChIP. In addition, luciferase reporter system was used to verify whether LINC00261 was present at the DKK3 promoter. After gain- and loss-of function approaches, the effect of LINC00261 on prostate cancer in vitro and in vivo was assessed by the determination of cell proliferation, invasion and migration as well as angiogenesis.ResultsLINC00261, GATA6, and DKK3 were poorly expressed in prostate cancer. LINC00261 could inhibit transcriptional expression of DKK3 by recruiting GATA6. Overexpression of LINC00261 inhibited prostate cancer cells proliferation, migration, and invasion as well as angiogenesis, which could be reversed by silencing DKK3. Furthermore, LINC00261 could also suppress the tumorigenicity of cancer cells in vivo.ConclusionsOur study demonstrates the inhibitory role of LINC00261 in prostate cancer progression, providing a novel biomarker for early detection of prostate cancer.