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Long loop prediction using the protein local optimization program.

Authors
  • Zhu, Kai
  • Pincus, David L
  • Zhao, Suwen
  • Friesner, Richard A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2006
Volume
65
Issue
2
Pages
438–452
Identifiers
PMID: 16927380
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have developed an improved sampling algorithm and energy model for protein loop prediction, the combination of which has yielded the first methodology capable of achieving good results for the prediction of loop backbone conformations of 11 residue length or greater. Applied to our newly constructed test suite of 104 loops ranging from 11 to 13 residues, our method obtains average/median global backbone root-mean-square deviations (RMSDs) to the native structure (superimposing the body of the protein, not the loop itself) of 1.00/0.62 A for 11 residue loops, 1.15/0.60 A for 12 residue loops, and 1.25/0.76 A for 13 residue loops. Sampling errors are virtually eliminated, while energy errors leading to large backbone RMSDs are very infrequent compared to any previously reported efforts, including our own previous study. We attribute this success to both an improved sampling algorithm and, more critically, the inclusion of a hydrophobic term, which appears to approximately fix a major flaw in SGB solvation model that we have been employing. A discussion of these results in the context of the general question of the accuracy of continuum solvation models is presented.

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