Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Location- and observation time-dependent quantum-tunneling

  • Fleurov, V.
  • Schilling, R.
  • Bayani, B.
Published Article
Publication Date
Jan 28, 2009
Submission Date
Jan 28, 2009
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.184301
External links


We investigate quantum tunneling in a translation invariant chain of particles. The particles interact harmonically with their nearest neighbors, except for one bond, which is anharmonic. It is described by a symmetric double well potential. In the first step, we show how the anharmonic coordinate can be separated from the normal modes. This yields a Lagrangian which has been used to study quantum dissipation. Elimination of the normal modes leads to a nonlocal action of Caldeira-Leggett type. If the anharmonic bond defect is in the bulk, one arrives at Ohmic damping, i.e. there is a transition of a delocalized bond state to a localized one if the elastic constant exceeds a critical value $C_{crit}$. The latter depends on the masses of the bond defect. Superohmic damping occurs if the bond defect is in the site $M$ at a finite distance from one of the chain ends. If the observation time $T$ is smaller than a characteristic time $\tau_M \sim M$, depending on the location M of the defect, the behavior is similar to the bulk situation. However, for $T \gg \tau_M$ tunneling is never suppressed.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times