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Localization in non-chiral network models for two-dimensional disordered wave mechanical systems

  • Freche, Peter
  • Janssen, Martin
  • Merkt, Rainer
Published Article
Publication Date
Aug 25, 1998
Submission Date
Aug 25, 1998
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.149
arXiv ID: cond-mat/9808273
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Scattering theoretical network models for general coherent wave mechanical systems with quenched disorder are investigated. We focus on universality classes for two dimensional systems with no preferred orientation: Systems of spinless waves undergoing scattering events with broken or unbroken time reversal symmetry and systems of spin 1/2 waves with time reversal symmetric scattering. The phase diagram in the parameter space of scattering strengths is determined. The model breaking time reversal symmetry contains the critical point of quantum Hall systems but, like the model with unbroken time reversal symmetry, only one attractive fixed point, namely that of strong localization. Multifractal exponents and quasi-one-dimensional localization lengths are calculated numerically and found to be related by conformal invariance. Furthermore, they agree quantitatively with theoretical predictions. For non-vanishing spin scattering strength the spin 1/2 systems show localization-delocalization transitions.

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