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Localization of the functional sites on the alpha chain of acetylcholine receptor.

Authors
  • Atassi, M Z
  • Mulac-Jericevic, B
  • Yokoi, T
  • Manshouri, T
Type
Published Article
Journal
Federation proceedings
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1987
Volume
46
Issue
8
Pages
2538–2547
Identifiers
PMID: 2439384
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A comprehensive synthetic approach, previously developed in this laboratory, has been applied to systematically screen the entire extracellular part (residues 1-210) of the alpha chain of the Torpedo californica acetylcholine receptor (AChR) for the profiles of the continuous regions that are recognized by antibodies against free, or membrane-sequestered, AChR; the regions recognized by AChR-primed T cells; the regions that bind alpha-bungarotoxin and cobratoxin; and an acetylcholine-binding region. Eight continuous antigenic sites were localized in this part of the alpha chain by all of the antisera tested. The sites were independent of the host species from which the antisera were obtained and were also similar to antisera against the isolated pentameric AChR or against the membrane-sequestered AChR. Six regions were found to stimulate AChR-primed T cells (T sites). Three of the T sites coincided with regions recognized by antibodies. At least two T sites had no detectable antibody responses directed to them. Five toxin-binding regions were localized, and may constitute distinct sites or, alternatively, different faces in one (or more) sites. Some of these regions coincided with regions recognized by anti-AChR antibodies. One of the toxin-binding regions bound acetylcholine, and immunization with this peptide induced experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis.

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