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Localized Liver Injury During Normothermic Ex Situ Liver Perfusion Has No Impact on Short-term Liver Transplant Outcomes.

  • Martin, Jack L
  • Rhodes, Freya
  • Upponi, Sara
  • Udeaja, Yagazie
  • Swift, Lisa
  • Fear, Corina
  • Webster, Rachel
  • Webb, Gwilym James
  • Allison, Michael
  • Paterson, Anna
  • Gaurav, Rohit
  • Butler, Andrew J
  • Watson, Christopher JE
Publication Date
Jan 06, 2024
Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
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BACKGROUND: Normothermic ex situ liver perfusion (NESLiP) has the potential to increase organ utilization. Radiological evidence of localized liver injury due to compression at the time of NESLiP, termed cradle compression, is a recognized phenomenon but is poorly characterized. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database was performed of transplanted livers that underwent NESLiP and subsequently had a computed tomography performed within the first 14 d posttransplant. The primary study outcome was 1-y graft survival. RESULTS: Seventy livers (63%) were included in the analysis. Radiological evidence of cradle compression was observed in 21 of 70 (30%). There was no difference in rate of cradle compression between donor after circulatory death and donated after brain death donors (P = 0.37) or with duration of NESLiP. Univariate analysis demonstrated younger (area under the receiver operating characteristic, 0.68; P = 0.008; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.55-0.82) and heavier (area under the receiver operating characteristic, 0.80; P < 0.001; 95% CI, 0.69-0.91) livers to be at risk of cradle compression. Only liver weight was associated with cradle compression on multivariate analysis (odds ratio, 1.003; P = 0.005; 95% CI, 1.001-1.005). There was no difference in 1-y graft survival (16/17 [94.1%] versus 44/48 [91.6%]; odds ratio, 0.69; P = 0.75; 95% CI, 0.07-6.62). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study assessing the impact of cradle compression on outcome. We have identified increased donor liver weight and younger age as risk factors for the development of this phenomenon. Increasing utilization of NESLiP will result in the increased incidence of cradle compression but the apparent absence of long-term sequelae is reassuring. Routine postoperative axial imaging may be warranted.

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