The content of P-450 cytochrome and vitamin A was determined in the liver of mature male rats who received for a month daily parenteral administrations of phenobarbital solutions (Pb; 40 mg/kg), rheopyrine (a mixture of equal aliquots of amidopyrine and butadione; 200 mg/kg), amidopyrine (100 mg/kg) or water (control). The animals were kept on a semisynthetic diet, receiving once, every week 400 IU of retinol-palmitate per rat. Pb administration markedly (more than threefold) increased P-450 cytochrome content in the liver. Rheopyrine and amidopyrine also elevated its level, but to a lesser extent than Pb. Pb and rheopyrine also depressed vitamin A levels in the liver and caused either a trend towards its decrease (Pb) or a significant decrease (rheopyrine) of its overall content in the liver. The effect of amidopyrine on the concentration and storage of retinol in the liver was less pronounced. The data obtained suggest that the drugs inducing P-450 cytochrome are capable of disturbing vitamin A content in the body.