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Literature Review: Herbal Medicine Treatment after Large-Scale Disasters.

Authors
  • Takayama, Shin1
  • Kaneko, Soichiro1
  • Numata, Takehiro1
  • Kamiya, Tetsuharu1
  • Arita, Ryutaro1
  • Saito, Natsumi1
  • Kikuchi, Akiko1
  • Ohsawa, Minoru1
  • Kohayagawa, Yoshitaka2
  • Ishii, Tadashi1
  • 1 * Department of Education and Support for Regional Medicine, Department of Kampo Medicine, Tohoku University Hospital, 1-1, Seiryomachi, Aobaku, Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture 980-8574, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 2 † National Disaster Medical Center, 8-15 Oota-machi, Fukushima Prefecture 960-8068, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The American journal of Chinese medicine
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2017
Volume
45
Issue
7
Pages
1345–1364
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X17500744
PMID: 28950713
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Large-scale natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and typhoons, occur worldwide. After the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami, our medical support operation's experiences suggested that traditional medicine might be useful for treating the various symptoms of the survivors. However, little information is available regarding herbal medicine treatment in such situations. Considering that further disasters will occur, we performed a literature review and summarized the traditional medicine approaches for treatment after large-scale disasters. We searched PubMed and Cochrane Library for articles written in English, and Ichushi for those written in Japanese. Articles published before 31 March 2016 were included. Keywords "disaster" and "herbal medicine" were used in our search. Among studies involving herbal medicine after a disaster, we found two randomized controlled trials investigating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), three retrospective investigations of trauma or common diseases, and seven case series or case reports of dizziness, pain, and psychosomatic symptoms. In conclusion, herbal medicine has been used to treat trauma, PTSD, and other symptoms after disasters. However, few articles have been published, likely due to the difficulty in designing high quality studies in such situations. Further study will be needed to clarify the usefulness of herbal medicine after disasters.

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