A novel liquid chromatographic procedure is presented. It is based on differences in the transport velocities of the fast-moving, pore-excluded macromolecules and slow-progressing, pore-permeating small molecules of an auxiliary liquid. A barrier of small molecules selectively decelerates certain kind of macromolecules while other kind remains unhindered. As a result, polymers of different nature are efficiently separated. In this new approach, the barrier is formed by a zone of a non-solvent injected immediately before the sample solution. The resulting method is denoted liquid chromatography under limiting conditions of insolubility.