The lipids composition of enriched fractions of spermatids and spermatocytes, isolated from rat testicular tissue, has been investigated. More than 20% of the total fatty acids of spermatids but only 10% of those of spermatocytes, isolated from testes of mature rats, was 4,7,10,13,16-docosapentaenoic acid. Spermatocyte-enriched fractions isolated from testes of immature rats had fatty acid compositions similar to those isolated from testes of mature rats. On the other hand, spermatids isolated from immature rats had a level of docosapentaenoic acid which was intermediate between the level found in spermatocytes and that of spermatids from mature rats. Major phospholipid classes and the triacylglycerols of spermatids contained much more of the docosapentaenoic acid than the corresponding lipid types from spermatocytes. Differences in content of total phospholipids, individual classes of phospholipids and triacylglycerols among spermatocytes, spermatids and late spermatids were also observed.