The inhibition effect of limonene on the organisms involved in anaerobic reactors may affect obtaining H2 in this process. Rapid and precise limonene quantification is desirable to characterize wastewaters. The objective of this research was to develop a Gas Chromatography Coupled to Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) method to determine limonene concentration in liquid samples from batch reactors applied to H2 production at 30 ºC. Method validation was carried out through calibration curves (3 to 20 mg L-1of limonene), in addition to evaluating its precision (CV =0.1%), linearity (R2=0.979), limits of detection (1.7 mg L-1) and quantification (4.2 mg L-1). Its inhibitory effect was evaluated with increasing concentrations of limonene (without addition to 2000 mg L-1). Limonene affected the starting time of H2 production (λ), since λ was 8.7 h in control assays and 15 h with 2000 mg L-1 of limonene. The same was observed for obtaining H2, since 19.5 mmol H2 L-1 was obtained in control assays and 8.7 mmol H2 L-1 was obtained in assays with 2000 mg L-1 of limonene. This method was effective for limonene determination in liquid samples from batch reactors and could be used for characterization and control of anaerobic reactors.