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Limited proteolysis of creatine kinase. Implications for three-dimensional structure and for conformational substrates.

Authors
  • Wyss, M
  • James, P
  • Schlegel, J
  • Wallimann, T
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemistry
Publication Date
Oct 12, 1993
Volume
32
Issue
40
Pages
10727–10735
Identifiers
PMID: 8399219
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Proteinase K, subtilisin, pronase E, elastase, bactotrypsin, and thermolysin are all shown here to cleave native mitochondrial creatine kinase from chicken heart (Mib-CK) very specifically at a single site, either before or after Ala-323. In analogy with hen egg ovalbumin, where the same proteases all cleaved the polypeptide chain very specifically around Ala-352, Ala-323 of Mib-CK may be located in an exposed surface loop that is sensitive to protease attack. Gel permeation chromatography demonstrated that the two proteolytic fragments of Mib-CK with M(r)'s of approximately 37,000 and approximately 6000 remain associated with each other. Proteinase K cleavage did not influence the octamer to dimer ratio of Mib-CK, indicating that selective cleavage after Ala-323 has no direct effect on dimer-dimer interfaces within the octamer. However, upon addition of MgADP plus creatine and nitrate to induce a transition-state analogue complex of the enzyme, native Mib-CK dissociated much more readily into dimers than proteinase K-digested Mib-CK. Furthermore, proteinase K cleavage of Mib-CK resulted in 2-11-fold decreases in the Vmax values, as well as in 6-23-fold increases in the Km values for phosphocreatine, creatine, and MgATP, whereas the Kd values for both MgATP and creatine were unaffected. Consequently, proteinase K cleavage of Mib-CK does not affect substrate binding per se, but interferes with substrate-induced conformational changes which are essential for catalysis and which mediate the synergism in substrate binding as it is observed with the unmodified enzyme.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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