Sugarcane bagasse (SCB) was pretreated by sodium hydroxide (SH), alkaline ethanol (AE) and alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP), and the solid residue with similar lignin content after different pretreatment was selected. Enzymatic saccharification with different substrates was performed at 2%, 10%, and 20% (w/v) solid loading. After that, the lignin from different substrate was extracted and its structure was characterized. Furthermore, the adsorption capability of isolated lignin to cellulase and its effect on enzymatic hydrolysis were studied. The results showed that, as the substrate content increased from 2% (w/v) to 20% (w/v), the glucose yield after digestion of SH, AE, and AHP pretreated SCB reduced by 41.8%, 35.4%, and 28.7%, respectively. The inhibitory effect of different prepared lignin on the digestibility of Avicel was as follows, SH pretreated lignin (SHL) > cellulase enzymatic hydrolysis lignin (CEL) > AE pretreated lignin (AEL) > AHP pretreated lignin (AHPL), which exhibited positive correlation with its non-productive adsorption capability to cellulase. Lignin samples with low negative zeta potential, high hydrophobicity and high ration of syringyl (S) to guaiacyl (G) were unfavorable for the enzymatic saccharification of cellulose. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.