In this conclusion we examine the implications of the special issue findings for the development of the self. We discuss how well the young adolescent experiences in schoolwork, maintenance, talk, and leisure provide bases for an evolving adjstment to the adult roles of work, love, and play. Gender differences clearly emerged in the experience of daily life; children entered adolescence with differences in how time is experienced already firmly established, and by midadolescence these differences were intensifying. Our data support the three heuristics of "communion versus agency," "gender intensification," and the "public versus private dichotomy." Concern is raised as to the viability of traditional sex role socialization when adult roles may demand more egalitarian behavior.