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Lexicosemantic, affective, and distributional norms for 1,000 Dutch adjectives

Authors
  • Verheyen, Steven1
  • De Deyne, Simon2
  • Linsen, Sarah1
  • Storms, Gert1
  • 1 KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium , Leuven (Belgium)
  • 2 University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia , Melbourne (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Behavior Research Methods
Publisher
Springer - Psychonomic Society
Publication Date
Oct 25, 2019
Volume
52
Issue
3
Pages
1108–1121
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3758/s13428-019-01303-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

The research of the word is still very much the research of the noun. Adjectives have been largely overlooked, despite being the second-largest word class in many languages and serving an important communicative function, because of the rich, nuanced qualifications they afford. Adjectives are also ideally suited to study the interface between cognition and emotion, as they naturally cover the entire range of lexicosemantic variables such as imageability (infinite–green), and affective variables such as valence (sad–happy). We illustrate this by showing how the centrality of words in the mental lexicon varies as a function of the words’ affective dimensions, using newly collected norms for 1,000 Dutch adjectives. The norms include the lexicosemantic variables age of acquisition, familiarity, concreteness, and imageability; the affective variables valence, arousal, and dominance; and a variety of distributional variables, including network statistics resulting from a large-scale word association study. The norms are freely available from https://osf.io/nyg8v/, for researchers studying adjectives specifically or for whom adjectives constitute convenient stimuli to study other topics, such as vagueness, inference, spatial cognition, or affective word processing.

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