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Levels of expression of the genes for glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase and CuZn-superoxide dismutase in rat lens and liver.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Experimental eye research
Publication Date
Volume
59
Issue
2
Pages
171–177
Identifiers
PMID: 7835406
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Oxidative mechanisms are thought to play a major role in several biological phenomena, including cataract formation. In the following studies we determined the relative levels of expression of the genes for the mRNAs for glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), CuZn-superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) and catalase, in both the rat lens and liver. Northern blot hybridization methods were used to determine the mRNA size. The RNase protection method was used to determine levels of expression for these mRNAs plus levels of expression for alpha A-crystallin and gamma-crystallin mRNAs in the lens, and gamma-actin mRNAs in both the lens and the liver; using [32P]-labeled specific cRNA probes transcribed from the various cDNA clones for the mRNAs being studied. The data was normalized relative to the level of expression of alpha A-crystallin and gamma-actin mRNAs in the lens, and to gamma-actin mRNA in the liver. We find the levels of the mRNAs in the lens fall in the following descending order: GPx > GR > CuZn-SOD > catalase, in the same order as has been reported for the activities of the enzymes in the lens. In the liver, levels of these mRNAs were as follows: GPx > CuZn-SOD > GR > catalase. In the liver, CuZn-SOD mRNA was expressed at about four times the level found in the lens, GPx at three times, catalase at three times and GR at about the same level.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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