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Leukotriene B4, interleukin 1 and leucocyte accumulation in titanium and PTFE chambers after implantation in the rat abdominal wall.

Authors
  • Eriksson, A S1
  • Thomsen, P
  • 1 Department of Anatomy, University of Göteborg, Gothenburg, Sweden. , (Sweden)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biomaterials
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Nov 01, 1991
Volume
12
Issue
9
Pages
827–830
Identifiers
PMID: 1662545
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The inflammatory reaction elicited after implantation of non-biologic materials was studied by analysis of the exudate in pure titanium or polytetrafluorethylene chambers 1-9 d after insertion in the abdominal wall of the rat. In chambers made of pure titanium, the number of leucocytes increased about twofold from 1.8 x 10(6)/ml to 4.1 x 10(6)/ml between 24 h and 6 d, whereas a larger increase from 2.1 x 10(6)/ml to 8.3 x 10(6)/ml was observed in the polytetrafluorethylene chambers. Irrespective of implant material, polymorphonuclear granulocytes constituted the vast majority of leucocytes (greater than 81%). After 24 h the leukotriene B4 content was slightly higher in polytetrafluorethylene chambers than in titanium chambers. In contrast to the titanium chambers, a marked increase in leukotriene B4 levels was detected in polytetrafluorethylene chambers 6 d after insertion, whereas the greatest amount of leukotriene B4 in titanium chambers was measured at 9 d. Interleukin 1 was only detected in both types of chambers after 6 d. The present study, together with previous findings, shows that the materials used in this study elicit different degrees of inflammatory reactions in the chamber exudate. Since the number of leucocytes in the exudate retrieved from the chambers correlated well with the leukotriene B4 levels, it is suggested that leukotriene B4, but not interleukin 1, may be an important mediator for polymorphonuclear granulocyte migration into the implant-tissue interface.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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